By Mike Street
$. This is not to be typed but signifies a terminal command
I have recently discovered the power of Bower - a front end package manager. Rather than having to go and find the hosted jquery link, or download the files for fancybox and copy them into my application (website), I can download them off bower.
To get bower installed, you need node. If you haven't got node - where have you been? Install bower globally:
$ npm install bower -g
You might need to run that with
Once you've got that installed you need to
cd to your directory and run:
$ bower init
And answer the questions it asks. Alternatively, you can make a
bower.json yourself - the only field you need 'name', in which case, it will look like this:
Once you have a
bower.json, you can start installing modules. Try installing jquery with
$ bower install jquery --save
--save saves the dependency to your
bower.json meaning other developers can know what your application depends on.
Once completed, it has installed jquery in a
If you wanted to use a different version of jquery (in this example 1.6), it can be changed by running:
$ bower install jquery#1.6
# you can specify a version, branch or commit SHA (which can be found on github).
If you need to update the library at any time, a
$ bower update
will do the job nicely for you!
As with the node_modules folder, make sure you add bower_components to your
.gitignore file. Libraries should never be committed to the applications git repository. If you then pull down the code, you (or another developer) can run
$ bower install
to get the app dependencies.